Trump urged to declare China a currency manipulator

Expressing concerns over China’s currency actions, a top American Senator has urged US President Donald Trump to name China as a currency manipulator Raising concerns about the depreciation of the Chinese yuan against the US dollar, Senator Tammy Baldwin in a letter to Trump said that ever since his administration’s tariff actions began in the spring, the Chinese yuan has fallen nine percent. Writing to Trump ahead of the release of the bi-annual report that identified currency manipulators, Baldwin reminded Trump about his election promise that he would declare China a currency manipulator on the very first day. But in three previous reports you have failed to do so. I am concerned that China’s currency actions amount to manipulation, in violation of World Trade Organization (WTO) rules I ask that you use your upcoming report to make good on your promise to name China a currency manipulator and begin the statutorily-required process to encourage China to correct its undervaluation, the Wisconsin Senator said. Baldwin alleged that the current misalignment makes Chinese exports nine per cent cheaper in dollar terms, while also making US exports to China nine per cent more expensive. This combined import tariff and export subsidy amounts to a roughly USD59 billion total trade impact — almost double the approximately USD32.5 billion of tariffs the US has levied against Chinese imports under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 — even before accounting for the retaliatory tariffs implemented by China to counteract US tariffs, the Senator said. Observing that since China joined the WTO in 2001 the US trade deficit with China has more than quadrupled, Baldwin said that between 2001 and 2008, Chinese competition cost the US 2.4 million manufacturing jobs and has driven down wages for almost all production workers in the private sector workforce. This year, the United States Trade Representative found that Chinese companies, often sponsored by the Chinese government, steal up to USD600 billion annually in valuable intellectual property from US companies. Naming China a currency manipulator would *set off bilateral talks* required under the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 –intended to encourage China to adopt policies to correct undervaluation. If the talks fail, the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015 provides additional authorities for the President to take remedial action, she said.

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